I hereby give notice that an ordinary meeting of the Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee will be held on:

 

Date:

Time:

Meeting Room:

Venue:

 

Thursday, 22 November 2018

7:00pm

Waiheke Local Board Office
10 Belgium Street
Ostend
Waiheke

 

Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

 

OPEN AGENDA

 

 

 

MEMBERSHIP

 

Chairperson

Cath Handley

 

Members

Shirin Brown

 

 

Izzy Fordham

 

 

John Meeuwsen

 

 

(Quorum 3 members)

 

 

 

Safia Cockerell

Democracy Advisor - Waiheke

 

16 November 2018

 

Contact Telephone: 021 283 8212

Email: safia.cockerell@aucklandcouncil.govt.nz

Website: www.aucklandcouncil.govt.nz

 

 


DRAFT Terms of Reference for the Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee and the Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Approvals Committee

(to be confirmed at the Waiheke Local Board business meeting on 22 November 2018)

 

A.         Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

The Waiheke Local Board has delegated responsibility for the development of a draft Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Management Plan to the Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee.

Responsibilities

i)          make decisions on the scope of the management plan

ii)          publicly notify the intention to prepare the plan

iii)         seek, receive and consider written and oral comments and advice to inform the preparation of the plan

iv)         prepare and approve the draft plan for notification

v)         publicly notify the draft plan and seek comments and objections on the draft plan.

Membership

Chair: Waiheke Local Board Chair C Handley

Members: Waiheke Local Board members S Brown and J Meeuwsen, Great Barrier Local Board Chair I Fordham

Quorum: Three

Frequency of meetings: As required

 

B. Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Approvals Committee

The Waiheke Local Board has delegated responsibility to hear submissions on, and approve the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Management Plan to the Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Approvals Committee.

Responsibilities

i)          receive objections and comments, and hear written and oral objections and comments from submitters on the draft plan

ii)          decide the extent to which objections and comments are allowed or accepted or disallowed or not accepted

iii)         make changes to the draft plan

iv)         seek, where required, the Minister of Conservation’s (or delegate’s) comments and/or approval of the management plan

v)         approve the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Management Plan.

Membership

Chair: Waiheke Local Board Chair C Handley

Members: Waiheke Local Board members S Brown and J Meeuwsen, Great Barrier Local Board Chair I Fordham, an independent commissioner experienced in Reserves Act matters

Quorum: Three

Frequency of meetings: As required


Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 

ITEM   TABLE OF CONTENTS                                                                                         PAGE

1          Apologies                                                                                                                        5

2          Declaration of Interest                                                                                                   5

3          Confirmation of Minutes                                                                                               5

4          Petitions                                                                                                                          5  

5          Public Input                                                                                                                    5

6          Extraordinary Business                                                                                                5

7          Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park reserve management plan– approval of land exclusion, proposed classification and notification of intention to prepare the plan 7  

8          Consideration of Extraordinary Items 

 

 


1          Apologies

 

At the close of the agenda no apologies had been received.

 

2          Declaration of Interest

 

Members are reminded of the need to be vigilant to stand aside from decision making when a conflict arises between their role as a member and any private or other external interest they might have.

 

3          Confirmation of Minutes

 

4          Petitions

 

At the close of the agenda no requests to present petitions had been received.

 

5          Public Input

 

A period of time (approximately 30 minutes) is set aside for members of the public to address the meeting on matters within its delegated authority. A maximum of 3 minutes per item is allowed, following which there may be questions from members.

 

At the close of the agenda no requests for public input had been received.

 

6          Extraordinary Business

 

Section 46A(7) of the Local Government Official Information and Meetings Act 1987 (as amended) states:

 

“An item that is not on the agenda for a meeting may be dealt with at that meeting if-

 

(a)        The local  authority by resolution so decides; and

(b)        The presiding member explains at the meeting, at a time when it is open to the public,-

 

(i)         The reason why the item is not on the agenda; and

(ii)        The reason why the discussion of the item cannot be delayed until a subsequent meeting.”

Section 46A(7A) of the Local Government Official Information and Meetings Act 1987 (as amended) states:

“Where an item is not on the agenda for a meeting,-

(a)        That item may be discussed at that meeting if-

 

(i)         That item is a minor matter relating to the general business of the local authority; and

(ii)        the presiding member explains at the beginning of the meeting, at a time when it is open to the public, that the item will be discussed at the meeting; but

(b)        no resolution, decision or recommendation may be made in respect of that item except to refer that item to a subsequent meeting of the local authority for further discussion.”


Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 

Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park reserve management plan– approval of land exclusion, proposed classification and notification of intention to prepare the plan

 

File No.: CP2018/21117

 

  

 

Te take mō te pūrongo / Purpose of the report

1.       To approve:

·    exclusion of part of Rangihoua Reserve, from the scope of the Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park reserve management plan (area 3 in Attachment A)

·    declaring and classifying part of Rangihoua Reserve (area 2 in Attachment A)

·    publicly notify the intention to prepare a reserve management plan for Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park.

Whakarāpopototanga matua / Executive summary

2.       The Waiheke Local Board has approved the development of the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park reserve management plan (RMP) and established the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Management Plan Development Committee (the committee) to oversee the development of the RMP.

3.       Rangihoua Reserve is currently held under the Local Government Act 2002 and Onetangi Sports Park is a recreation reserve held under Reserves Act 1977.

4.       Rangihoua maunga and landscape amenity area (as shown in Attachment A) which cover parts of both Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park have been delegated to the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Committee and are excluded from the scope of the RMP. 

5.       Of the remaining area of Rangihoua Reserve, this report recommends that the stream and ecological area (area 3 in Attachment A) should also be excluded from the scope of the RMP due to it being surrounded by the maunga and landscape amenity area.

6.       It is proposed that the committee recommend to the Waiheke Local Board that area 3 be added to the land managed by the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee.

7.       This would mean for Rangihoua Reserve, area 2 (as shown in Attachment A) would remain within the scope of the RMP.

8.       Staff recommend area 2 be declared a reserve under the Reserves Act and classified a recreation reserve. Declaring and classifying it a reserve will enable integrated management of the entire park and align its primary purpose with the classification of Onetangi Sports Park.  

9.       The first step in the development of the RMP is to publicly notify the committee’s intention to prepare an RMP for Rangihoua Reserve (area 2 in Attachment A) and Onetangi Sports Park (excluding area 1 in Attachment A).

10.     Staff recommend these actions to comply with the requirements of the Reserves Act 1977 for preparing an RMP.  

11.     There are no additional financial implications for the local board from any of the decisions to be made in this report.

 

 

Ngā tūtohunga / Recommendations

That the Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee:

a)      approve the exclusion of area 3 (Attachment A dated 22 November 2018) from the scope of the Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park reserve management plan and recommend to the Waiheke Local Board that this area be included in the area by the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee.

b)      approve part of Lot 7 DP 161747 (area 2 in Attachment A dated 22 November 2018), approximately 7.30 ha, subject to survey, to be declared a reserve and classified as recreation reserve, pursuant to section 14(1) of the Reserves Act 1977.

c)      approve public notification of its intention to prepare a reserve management plan for Rangihoua Reserve (area 2 in Attachment A dated 22 November 2018) and Onetangi Sports Park, excluding area 1 (Attachment A dated 22 November 2018) and invite written suggestions on the proposed plan pursuant to section 41(5) of the Reserves Act.

 

Horopaki / Context

12.     Rangihoua Reserve and adjoining Onetangi Sports Park, also referred to as Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park or Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park (the Park) is a 110-hectare local park in two 55-hectare blocks (see Attachment A).

13.     The two blocks are managed as a single local park for which the Waiheke Local Board (the local board) has allocated (and delegated) decision making responsibility.

14.     Rangihoua Reserve is held in fee simple by Auckland Council under the Local Government Act (LGA) and not subject to the Reserves Act.

15.     Onetangi Sports Park is classified as a recreation reserve under the Reserves Act.

16.     In November 2017, the Minister of Conservation communicated her expectation that Auckland Council will comply with the requirement of the Reserves Act to prepare a reserve management plan (RMP) for Onetangi Sports Park. 

17.     This was following discontinued judicial review proceedings brought by the Hauraki Gulf Enhancement Society against Auckland Council and others, in relation to a lease to the Waiheke Golf Club over part of Onetangi Sports Park, and other ongoing issues regarding the management planning of the park.

18.     The local board resolved in November 2017 to establish the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Committee to manage Te Rangihoua maunga (the maunga) and the surrounding landscape amenity area in the Park (as shown in Attachment A) (Resolution number WHK/2017/195).

19.     On 26 July 2018, the local board approved the development of a management plan for Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park (excluding the maunga and landscape amenity area) using the process in the Reserves Act (Resolution number WHK/2018/151).

20.     On 27 September 2018, the local board established the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Management Plan Development Committee (the committee) to:

·    oversee the development of an RMP for Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park; and

·    make a decision on whether to declare and classify Rangihoua Reserve under the Reserves Act (Resolution number WHK/2018/190).

21.     Attachment B outlines the resolutions passed by the local board in the last year, which are relevant for this report.

22.     This report addresses the scope and land status of part of Rangihoua Reserve to be included in the RMP and the requirement under the Reserves Act to notify the intent to prepare the RMP.

Tātaritanga me ngā tohutohu / Analysis and advice

Additional area of Rangihoua Reserve to be excluded from the scope of the RMP

23.     Staff have given further consideration to whether area 3 (as shown in Attachment A) in Rangihoua Reserve should be included in the RMP.

24.     Area 3 is a narrow ecological corridor and stream on the western side of the maunga. It is completely surrounded by the landscape amenity area, which is managed by the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee, except for a small part that borders O’Brien Road. It is physically isolated from the remainder of the area within the scope of the RMP.

25.     Staff consider that area 3 should be managed in an integrated manner with the maunga and landscape amenity area. It would make practical sense for the area to be included in the co-governance area and excluded from the scope of the RMP.

26.     It is recommended that the committee refer the decision to include area 3 in the RMP back to the local board to confirm whether it should be included in the areas of the park to be managed by the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee.

Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park land status and proposed classification

27.     Attachment C gives an overview of the land status of all land parcels within the Park. 

28.     Parcels that form Onetangi Sports Park (Part Lot 15 DP 11657 and Lot 2 DP 94533) are already classified as recreation reserve under the Reserves Act and no further action is required.

29.     Area 2 (part of Lot 7 DP 161747 as shown in Attachment A), which is the only part of Rangihoua Reserve proposed to be within the scope of the RMP, is held in fee simple under the LGA. Area 2 is approximately 7.30 ha in size and includes sports fields and the access road into the park from O’Brien Road.

30.     For land held under the LGA, the following options are available:

·    continue to hold the land under the LGA,

·    declare land currently held under the LGA to be reserve under the Reserves Act and classify appropriately.

31.     When reviewing the future land status for area 2, staff considered the following:

i.   Why does the council own the land and how was it acquired?

ii.  What is the primary purpose of the land?

iii.  What is the status of adjacent parcels of land within the same park?

iv. What is the current and likely future main use of the land?

v.  What potential does the land have for protection, enhancement and development?

vi. Is there likely to be a need to retain flexibility for future use?

32.     As the use and primary purpose of area 2 is consistent with that of the adjacent land parcel at Onetangi Sports Park (Part Lot 15 DP 11657) and would benefit from integrated management under the same Act, staff recommend area 2 be declared a reserve under the Reserves Act and classified as recreation reserve.

33.     Under section 14(2) of the Reserves Act public notification of the intention to declare any land vested in a local authority to be a reserve is not required “…where a district plan makes provision for the use of the land as a reserve or the land is designated as a proposed reserve under an operative district plan…”.

34.     Area 2 is zoned open space in the Operative Auckland Council District Plan – Hauraki Gulf Islands Section: Open space 3 (Rangihoua Park). Therefore, public notification of the declaring and classifying of area 2 is not required.

35.     To enable the declaring and classifying of this area, it will be necessary to survey off this area from the rest of Lot 7 DP 161747 which, is either managed by the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee or been referred back to the local board (in the case of Area 3) for further consideration.

Notification of the intention to prepare the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan

36.     All reserves held under the Reserves Act must have a reserve management plan that is developed in accordance with the requirements of the Act.

37.     The mandatory process outlined in the Reserves Act (see Attachment D) includes two formal rounds of public consultation. The purpose of the first round is to seek feedback to inform the development of a draft RMP.

38.     The purpose of the second round of consultation is to seek feedback on the draft RMP.

39.     The RMP, once approved, will provide a policy framework to manage use, protection and development of the Park.

40.     Staff are now seeking approval from the committee to publicly notify the intention to prepare the RMP (the first round of consultation).

41.     The public notices will invite written suggestions on the proposal to prepare a plan (as per section 41(5) of the Reserves Act).  The notices are anticipated to be published in early December 2018, with a deadline for written suggestions on 10 February 2019.

Community engagement for the RMP - beyond statutory requirements

42.     There is a long contentious history surrounding Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park, especially in regard to balancing the needs and desires of different stakeholder groups interested in the Park. This includes the proposed golf club expansion and the protection of streams and wetlands within the Park.

43.     Attempts were made in the past to resolve some of the issues, but for various reasons have not been successful to date.

44.     To ensure a wide variety of views are heard as part of the public consultation, staff are proposing to undertake consultation beyond the statutory requirements of the Reserves Act, by providing a range of opportunities for key stakeholders[1] and the wider community to give formal and informal feedback.

45.     Engagement activities will include opportunity for face-to-face discussions with staff, paper and online tools and the use of an innovative mapping tool to capture informal comments and suggestions. Activities will be undertaken at various times during the development of the RMP and at the same time as engagement for the Waiheke local parks management plan.

46.     Any engagement activities will be supported with appropriate communications, which aim to reach an audience as wide as possible.  Attachment E gives an overview of the proposed engagement activities.

Ngā whakaaweawe ā-rohe me ngā tirohanga a te poari ā-rohe /
Local impacts and local board views

47.     At a workshop on 4 October 2018, staff discussed the outcomes of the land investigation and the proposed reserve classification programme with local board and committee members. Staff also briefed the committee on the process to develop the RMP.

48.     Informal feedback from committee members present was supportive of surveying off part of Lot 7 DP 161747, and to declare this as a reserve under the Reserves Act and classify it as recreation reserve.

49.     A second workshop and site visit were held on 1 November 2018 to discuss the engagement approach for the project and clarify the areas to be included in the scope of the RMP.

50.     Committee members were asked to provide informal feedback about the purpose of and approach to community engagement. Members expressed their desire for a fair, transparent and inclusive process, where all interested members of the community have had the opportunity to have their say and feel they have been heard.

51.     Committee members also highlighted the importance of the Essentially Waiheke document as a source of information for community aspirations and how to work with local communities.

52.     In regards to the scope, the following was discussed at the second workshop and site visit:

·    the fact that area 1 (see Attachment A) is excluded from the RMP, as it is part of the landscape amenity area surrounding the maunga (for which decision-making has been delegated to the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee);

·    the inclusion of area 2 in the RMP, as it is not part of the landscape amenity area;

·    whether area 3 should be included in the RMP, as it is surrounded by the landscape amenity area and not physically connected to the area within scope of the RMP.

 

53.     Committee members expressed support for the exclusion of area 3 from the RMP and to refer a decision to the Waiheke Local Board to include this area within the land managed by the Rangihoua and Tāwaipareira Management Committee.

54.     Committee members also considered whether three parcels of land (Lot 6 DP 204906, Lot 17 DP 184090 and Lot 19 DP 184090) adjacent to the southern boundary of the Park should be included in the scope of the RMP. However, currently the Waiheke Local Board has delegated decision making over those parcels.

55.     For any of the parcels to be included in the scope of the RMP, the Waiheke Local Board would have to resolve to exclude the parcels from the Waiheke Local Parks Management Plan and delegate decision-making for them to this committee.

56.     This decision could be made by the local board at any time during the development of the Waiheke local parks management plan.

Tauākī whakaaweawe Māori / Māori impact statement

Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park – a site of significance to Ngāti Paoa

57.     Te Rangihoua area is a site of significance to Ngāti Paoa. A cultural values assessment prepared in 2015 by Ngāti Paoa Iwi Trust highlights this and describes the specific cultural heritage values of the area, a location where many significant events occurred: 

·    Specific values include the mauri (life force and life-supporting capacity) and mana (integrity) of the place and the resources it provides

·    Te Rangihoua (the stream) is tapu, an area where the Arawa canoe landed;

·    the wetlands are of ecological value and importance to Ngāti Paoa, because of the physical and cultural sustenance the wetland provides and the relationship of Ngāti Paoa with flora and fauna;

·    the maunga at Rangihoua, Te-Pūtiki-o-Kahumatamomoe, named after the son of Tamatekapua (the captain of the Arawa canoe) and its pā site, were strategic vantage points and are important cultural landscape markers.

Giving effect to the principles of te Tiriti o Waitangi/ the Treaty of Waitangi

58.     The Reserves Act is one of the Acts in the First Schedule to the Conservation Act 1987. Section 4 of the Conservation Act contains an obligation to give effect to the principles of te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi (te Tiriti/the Treaty).

59.     As such, in performing functions and duties under the Reserves Act, such as classifying land and preparing reserve management plans, the committee must give effect to the principles of te Tiriti/the Treaty.

60.     The principles of te Tiriti/the Treaty likely to be most relevant in making decisions on the Waiheke Local Parks Management Plan and classification work are:

·    Partnership – mutual good faith and reasonableness

·    Informed decision making – being well-informed of the mana whenua interests and views. Consultation is a means to achieve informed decision-making

·    Active protection – this involves the active protection of Māori interests retained under te Tiriti/the Treaty. It includes the promise to protect rangatiratanga and taonga.

 

The process to develop the RMP is designed to give effect to the principles of Te Tiriti o Waitangi. Involvement of mana whenua in the development of the RMP will be ongoing. Engagement with mana whenua

62.     Staff introduced mana whenua to the two Waiheke local parks management plan projects at the Parks, Sport and Recreation Mana Whenua Forum in June 2018.

63.     Mana whenua representatives from Ngāti Paoa, Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki, Ngāti Maru and Ngāti Whanaunga expressed an interest in the projects and attended two subsequent hui in October 2018.

64.     At the hui the scope of the two plans, outcomes of the land status investigation and proposed reserve classifications were discussed.

65.     Mana whenua present at the second hui referred feedback on the proposed land status and classification of Part Lot 7 DP 161747 (area 2 in Attachment A) to Ngāti Paoa.

66.     A separate meeting was held with a representative from Ngāti Paoa, who could not attend the second hui. Support was received for declaring Part Lot 7 DP 161747 (area 2 in Attachment A) a reserve under the Reserves Act and classifying it as recreation reserve.

Ngā ritenga ā-pūtea / Financial implications

67.     Financial implications include costs for surveying of Part Lot 7 DP 161747 prior to gazettal and the cost for public notices and engagement activities.

68.     The cost for surveying will be covered by Community Facilities existing operational budget.

69.     Costs for public notices and engagement activities will be covered by project budget.

Ngā raru tūpono / Risks

70.     The following table outlines the risks and proposed mitigation

 

Risk

Proposed mitigation

Resourcing issues resulting in poor quality outcomes/ extended timeframes

If insufficient staff resource, then consider bringing in external resources/additional staff

Reserves Act classifications constrain the range of uses that land can be used for

Current and likely future use of the parcel proposed to be declared and classified were considered and the classification of the parcel is not anticipated to constrain current or potential future uses of the site.

Not meeting stakeholder expectations, especially in regard to balancing different needs and desires.

1) Ensure consultation process:

a)   is transparent and follows statutory procedure as a minimum and

b)   is clearly articulated to committee and key stakeholder groups as early as possible.

2) Ensure that at the end of each consultation      phase, the loop is closed with mana whenua, stakeholders and the public.

3) Ensure communication is up front, clear, pro-active open and honest.

Potential that the decisions reached as part of this process will be challenged by some stakeholders

Follow due process; ensure that all suggestions, comments and objections are fully considered; communicate clearly how suggestions, comments and objections have been considered.

Ngā koringa ā-muri / Next steps

71.     Following approval to declare and classify part of Lot 7 DP 161747, the area would be surveyed, and gazettal would be required.

72.     Suggestions from the first round of consultation will be given full consideration in preparing the draft RMP.

73.     The second round of public consultation on the draft RMP is anticipated to commence in May 2019.

74.     A high-level project delivery approach including key project and consultation milestones, committee workshops and reporting are set out in Attachment F.

 

Ngā tāpirihanga / Attachments

No.

Title

Page

a

Area within scope of the plan (map)

17

b

Relevant resolutions to the decisions to be made in this report

19

c

Overview of the land status of Rangihoua Onetangi Sports Park (map)

23

d

Overview of the steps for the preparation of the reserve management plan under section 41 of the Reserves Act

25

e

Overview of the proposed engagement activities

27

f

Revised timeline for the preparation of the reserve managment plan

29

     

 

Ngā kaihaina / Signatories

Authors

Nicki Malone - Service and Asset Planner

Matthew Ward - Service & Asset Planning Team Leader

Authorisers

Lisa Tocker - Head of Service Strategy and Integration

Helgard Wagener - Relshp Mgr - Great Barrier and Waiheke

 



Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 



Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 


 


 



Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 



Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 

Preparation of a Reserve Management Plan under section 41 Reserves Act

 

 

 

 

 


Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 


Rangihoua and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan Development Committee

22 November 2018

 

 

Timeline for preparation of the Rangihoua Reserve and Onetangi Sports Park Reserve Management Plan (RMP)

Milestone description

Date due/ completed

Committee approval – classification and intention to prepare RMP

November 2018

Public notification of classification

November/December 2018

Public notification of intention to prepare plan 

November/December 2018

Mana whenua workshops 

August 2018 – Feb 2020

Public consultation – stage 1 – intention to prepare plan complete and comments summarised 

March 2019

Classification hearing (if required)

March 2019

Preparation of draft plan

May 2019

Committee approval – notification of draft plan

June 2019

Public Consultation – stage 2 – draft plan complete

August/ Sept 2019

Plan preparation paused for Local Government elections September 2019 to Feb 2020

Hearings held (estimated 3-5 days)

February 2020

Committee approval - final management plan

April 2020

Make any required amendments to final plan and provide mana whenua and stakeholders with link to plan

May 2020

Management plan handed over to business owner

May 2020

 

 

 

    

    

 



[1] Key stakeholders include all groups who have an interest in the reserve.